The Great Mosque of Cordoba.
In the 10th century, Cordoba was the capital of the Caliphate of Córdoba, the Moorish kingdom that governed much of the Iberian Peninsula.
While Paris and Rome were in the Dark Ages, Córdoba was the most important city in Europe.
The city was a center of civilization where great scholars Maimonides (a Jewish philosopher) and Averroes (a Muslim philosopher) shared their ideas, and a place where the people of three religions, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, lived in harmony.
The must-see sight of Córdoba is its UNESCO-listed Great Mosque with its breathtaking interior, a forest of Islamic arches and columns. Known as La Mezquita, this monument is one of the most magnificent Islamic buildings ever constructed. Surrounding the Mezquita are Córdoba’s historic quarters.
The Judería (the old Jewish quarter) is an especially atmospheric neighborhood of narrow pedestrian streets, peaceful courtyards, and whitewashed houses adorned with flowers.
This district is famous for its lovely patios, and many residents decorate them with colorful potted flowers.
During May, the entire town of Córdoba comes to life for the Concurso de Patios, a lively festival with a competition for the most beautiful patio.